The Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs has released an interesting report, Senate Rept. No. 111-377, December 17, 2010 to accompany S. 1649 which failed to become law in the 111th Congress. I believe it will be reintroduced.
EXTRACT FROM REPORT
The Secretary of Homeland Security will also establish mechanisms
for dissemination by emergency response providers of these
plume models to nongovernmental organizations and the public to
ensure appropriate response activities. In addition, the Secretary of
Homeland Security is required to ensure that DHS exercises the
development and dissemination of integrated plume models.
Subsection 222(a) provides definitions for this section, including
for the term ‘‘plume model,’’ which means assessment of the location
and prediction of the spread of nuclear, radioactive, or chemical
fallout and biological pathogens resulting from an explosion or
release of nuclear, chemical or biological substances. The term ‘‘integrated
plume model’’ incorporates the concept that protective action
guidance and other information are also included with the provided
Subsection 222(b) directs the Secretary of Homeland Security to
develop and disseminate integrated plume models to enable rapid
response activities following a nuclear, radiological, chemical or biological
release. While the integrated plume models are to be provided
by the Secretary to appropriate emergency response officials,
it is expected that integrated plume models incorporating protective
action guidance will be made in a publicly releasable format
if public release is deemed appropriate by the emergency response
officials in command of the incident response. The integrated
plume models should be developed in consultation with other federal
agencies, State, local, and tribal governments and nongovernmental
organizations involved in the response, sheltering and care
of affected individuals.
Subsection 222(c) directs the Secretary of Homeland Security to
ensure that the integrated plume models developed pursuant to
development of the integrated plume models, lessons learned from exerci
this section are exercised.
There are at least 18 atmospheric models used by federal agencies for various purposes. One of the most popular is CAMEO developed by DPA. There is however no consensus on their use and that makes impossible coherent issuances of PARs and PADs by authorized officials to protect the public. PAR=Protective Action Recommendation; PAD=Protective Action Decision!
To my knowledge no state has developed its own models and relies totally on the federal establishment for development, maintenance, and application of these models.
of Homeland Security to produce a report to Congress detailing thee Mar
Section 222. Plume modeling