Launching cruise missles against any nation-state is clearly an Act of War just as a Naval Blockade (Cuba-1962)! The US has launced 113 cruise missiles against the Libyan Government ruled by a dictator. For much of the time since the Libyan insurgency started around early February the Washington concensus was against intervention even a NO-FLY zone. The opposition largely led by the senior leadership of the US ARMED forces and SECDEF GATES. After the Arab league adopted a resolution in favor of a NO-FLY zone, the US turned around and so did the UN.
In the UN the vote was 10-0, 5 abstained:
China, Russia, Germany,Brasil and India
The draft from FP:
I am still not quite sure if this language is actually the final final UN version but the best I could come up with.
Here is my question? Where is Congress in all of this including the Republican majority in the House of Representatives. To my knowledge UN resolutions that could be considered authorization for the US to go to WAR are not self-executing and require Congression action, perhaps even ratification by the Senate of the UN Resolution. Hoping this will be explained in detail.
Note that the WARS in both Iraq and Afghanistan were launced by virtue of a Congressional Resolution and if my understanding is correct NO UN resolution.
So there does seem to be some inconsistency and I know “foolish consistency is the hobgoblin of small minds”–Oliver Wendall Holmes, Associate Justice on SCOTUS. So perhaps time will explain all.
It would also be of great interest as to exactly how the targeting of the missiles was conducted and whether this had any review to determine if in compliance with the UN resolution and who conducted that review for the President and the military chain of command.
My problem is that in this century I can easily forsee a cruise missile attack from offshore close in submarines or other craft against the US and wondering what are take will be on that activity? After all even N. Korea has 30 or more subs although all are diesel as far as I know. Iran also has subs. Does Libya?