Another time recently on another blog the Treaty of Westphalia [actually the Peace of Westphalia] iwas mentioned by me or someone else. From Wikipedia:
Peace of Westphalia
|Peace of Westphalia|
|Treaties of Osnabrück and Münster|
|Type of treaty||Peace treaty|
|15 May – 24 October 1648
Osnabrück and Münster, Westphalia, modern-day Germany
The Peace of Westphalia was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October of 1648 in Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years’ War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic.
The Peace of Westphalia treaties involved the Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand III of the House of Habsburg, the Kingdoms of Spain, France, Sweden, the Dutch Republic, the Princes of the Holy Roman Empire, and sovereigns of the Free imperial cities and can be denoted by two major events.
- The signing of the Peace of Münster between the Dutch Republic and the Kingdom of Spain on 30 January 1648, officially ratified in Münster on 15 May 1648.
- The signing of two complementary treaties on 24 October 1648, namely:
The treaties resulted from the first modern diplomatic congress, thereby initiating a new system of political order in central Europe, later called Westphalian sovereignty, based upon the concept of a sovereign state governed by a sovereign. In the event, the treaties’ regulations became integral to the constitutional law of the Holy Roman Empire.
The treaties did not restore the peace throughout Europe, however. France and Spain remained at war for the next eleven years, making peace only in the Treaty of the Pyrenees of 1659.
Most attribute the Peace of Westphalia as largely ending the WARS of Religion in Western Europe and creating the Nation-state system.
There is some evidence that system is collapsing! The concepts of Globalization and Global Warfare for one purpose or another [WWI and WWII were called World Wars with good reason] including the GWOT announced by President George W. Bush. My belief is that the real Global war now is not religion, nor economic theory generally, but a corrupt leadership almost world wide that has used the levers of state power to organize their respective nation-states in collusion with the elements of organized violence in their cultures and societies,[both their militaries and their organized criminal elements] to destroy equity and financial stabilility and democracy in their countries. Thus, the nation-state system will last only as long as this corruption is allowed to continue. The street protests in the MENA [Middle East and N. Africa] in the last year are thus precusors to a world wide struggle against those corrupt elites. No wonder the USA is ambivilant and China has tripled its internal security outlays! Still these corrupt elites will be difficult to discharge from power without violence.
THIS TO ME IS THE REAL STORY OF THE 21st CENTURY!