By virtue of Presidential Executive Order DoD is the primary response organization for foreign disasters. Not the STATE department or its AID or OFDA!
Oddly perhaps DoD ignored its own talent and insights into foreign disasters in Iraq and Afghanistan. It did assist to some degree when up to a third of Pakistan was flooded in the last several years.
So in an extract from Steve Aftergood’s Secrecy Blog find the following info:
DOD SUPPORT TO FOREIGN DISASTER RELIEF
The Department of Defense has prepared a guide (large pdf) for military personnel who are engaged in foreign disaster relief operations, an endeavor which arises with some frequency.
“The U.S. Government (USG) responds to approximately 70-80 natural disasters across the globe each year. In approximately 10-15 percent of these disaster responses, the Department of Defense (DoD) lends support to the overall USG effort.”
“DoD disaster assistance can range from a single aircraft delivering relief supplies, to a fullscale deployment of a brigade-size or larger task force. Though the overall percentage of disasters requiring DoD support is relatively small, these disasters tend to be crises of the largest magnitude and/or the greatest complexity.”
The new guide “offers an overarching guide and reference for military responders in disaster relief operations.” See “Department of Defense Support to Foreign Disaster Relief,” GTA-90-01-030, 13 July 2011.”